Added initial [express.js](www.expressjs.com) application

parent be7303ac
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(The MIT License)
Copyright (c) 2009-2014 TJ Holowaychuk <tj@vision-media.ca>
Copyright (c) 2013-2014 Roman Shtylman <shtylman+expressjs@gmail.com>
Copyright (c) 2014-2015 Douglas Christopher Wilson <doug@somethingdoug.com>
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining
a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the
'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including
without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish,
distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to
permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to
the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be
included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY
CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE
SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
[![Express Logo](https://i.cloudup.com/zfY6lL7eFa-3000x3000.png)](http://expressjs.com/)
Fast, unopinionated, minimalist web framework for [node](http://nodejs.org).
[![NPM Version][npm-image]][npm-url]
[![NPM Downloads][downloads-image]][downloads-url]
[![Linux Build][travis-image]][travis-url]
[![Windows Build][appveyor-image]][appveyor-url]
[![Test Coverage][coveralls-image]][coveralls-url]
```js
var express = require('express')
var app = express()
app.get('/', function (req, res) {
res.send('Hello World')
})
app.listen(3000)
```
## Installation
```bash
$ npm install express
```
## Features
* Robust routing
* Focus on high performance
* Super-high test coverage
* HTTP helpers (redirection, caching, etc)
* View system supporting 14+ template engines
* Content negotiation
* Executable for generating applications quickly
## Docs & Community
* [Website and Documentation](http://expressjs.com/) - [[website repo](https://github.com/strongloop/expressjs.com)]
* [#express](https://webchat.freenode.net/?channels=express) on freenode IRC
* [Github Organization](https://github.com/expressjs) for Official Middleware & Modules
* Visit the [Wiki](https://github.com/expressjs/express/wiki)
* [Google Group](https://groups.google.com/group/express-js) for discussion
* [Gitter](https://gitter.im/expressjs/express) for support and discussion
* [Русскоязычная документация](http://jsman.ru/express/)
**PROTIP** Be sure to read [Migrating from 3.x to 4.x](https://github.com/expressjs/express/wiki/Migrating-from-3.x-to-4.x) as well as [New features in 4.x](https://github.com/expressjs/express/wiki/New-features-in-4.x).
###Security Issues
If you discover a security vulnerability in Express, please see [Security Policies and Procedures](Security.md).
## Quick Start
The quickest way to get started with express is to utilize the executable [`express(1)`](https://github.com/expressjs/generator) to generate an application as shown below:
Install the executable. The executable's major version will match Express's:
```bash
$ npm install -g express-generator@4
```
Create the app:
```bash
$ express /tmp/foo && cd /tmp/foo
```
Install dependencies:
```bash
$ npm install
```
Start the server:
```bash
$ npm start
```
## Philosophy
The Express philosophy is to provide small, robust tooling for HTTP servers, making
it a great solution for single page applications, web sites, hybrids, or public
HTTP APIs.
Express does not force you to use any specific ORM or template engine. With support for over
14 template engines via [Consolidate.js](https://github.com/tj/consolidate.js),
you can quickly craft your perfect framework.
## Examples
To view the examples, clone the Express repo and install the dependencies:
```bash
$ git clone git://github.com/expressjs/express.git --depth 1
$ cd express
$ npm install
```
Then run whichever example you want:
```bash
$ node examples/content-negotiation
```
## Tests
To run the test suite, first install the dependencies, then run `npm test`:
```bash
$ npm install
$ npm test
```
## People
The original author of Express is [TJ Holowaychuk](https://github.com/tj) [![TJ's Gratipay][gratipay-image-visionmedia]][gratipay-url-visionmedia]
The current lead maintainer is [Douglas Christopher Wilson](https://github.com/dougwilson) [![Doug's Gratipay][gratipay-image-dougwilson]][gratipay-url-dougwilson]
[List of all contributors](https://github.com/expressjs/express/graphs/contributors)
## License
[MIT](LICENSE)
[npm-image]: https://img.shields.io/npm/v/express.svg
[npm-url]: https://npmjs.org/package/express
[downloads-image]: https://img.shields.io/npm/dm/express.svg
[downloads-url]: https://npmjs.org/package/express
[travis-image]: https://img.shields.io/travis/expressjs/express/master.svg?label=linux
[travis-url]: https://travis-ci.org/expressjs/express
[appveyor-image]: https://img.shields.io/appveyor/ci/dougwilson/express/master.svg?label=windows
[appveyor-url]: https://ci.appveyor.com/project/dougwilson/express
[coveralls-image]: https://img.shields.io/coveralls/expressjs/express/master.svg
[coveralls-url]: https://coveralls.io/r/expressjs/express?branch=master
[gratipay-image-visionmedia]: https://img.shields.io/gratipay/visionmedia.svg
[gratipay-url-visionmedia]: https://gratipay.com/visionmedia/
[gratipay-image-dougwilson]: https://img.shields.io/gratipay/dougwilson.svg
[gratipay-url-dougwilson]: https://gratipay.com/dougwilson/
/*!
* express
* Copyright(c) 2009-2013 TJ Holowaychuk
* Copyright(c) 2013 Roman Shtylman
* Copyright(c) 2014-2015 Douglas Christopher Wilson
* MIT Licensed
*/
'use strict';
module.exports = require('./lib/express');
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/*!
* express
* Copyright(c) 2009-2013 TJ Holowaychuk
* Copyright(c) 2013 Roman Shtylman
* Copyright(c) 2014-2015 Douglas Christopher Wilson
* MIT Licensed
*/
'use strict';
/**
* Module dependencies.
*/
var EventEmitter = require('events').EventEmitter;
var mixin = require('merge-descriptors');
var proto = require('./application');
var Route = require('./router/route');
var Router = require('./router');
var req = require('./request');
var res = require('./response');
/**
* Expose `createApplication()`.
*/
exports = module.exports = createApplication;
/**
* Create an express application.
*
* @return {Function}
* @api public
*/
function createApplication() {
var app = function(req, res, next) {
app.handle(req, res, next);
};
mixin(app, EventEmitter.prototype, false);
mixin(app, proto, false);
app.request = { __proto__: req, app: app };
app.response = { __proto__: res, app: app };
app.init();
return app;
}
/**
* Expose the prototypes.
*/
exports.application = proto;
exports.request = req;
exports.response = res;
/**
* Expose constructors.
*/
exports.Route = Route;
exports.Router = Router;
/**
* Expose middleware
*/
exports.query = require('./middleware/query');
exports.static = require('serve-static');
/**
* Replace removed middleware with an appropriate error message.
*/
[
'json',
'urlencoded',
'bodyParser',
'compress',
'cookieSession',
'session',
'logger',
'cookieParser',
'favicon',
'responseTime',
'errorHandler',
'timeout',
'methodOverride',
'vhost',
'csrf',
'directory',
'limit',
'multipart',
'staticCache',
].forEach(function (name) {
Object.defineProperty(exports, name, {
get: function () {
throw new Error('Most middleware (like ' + name + ') is no longer bundled with Express and must be installed separately. Please see https://github.com/senchalabs/connect#middleware.');
},
configurable: true
});
});
/*!
* express
* Copyright(c) 2009-2013 TJ Holowaychuk
* Copyright(c) 2013 Roman Shtylman
* Copyright(c) 2014-2015 Douglas Christopher Wilson
* MIT Licensed
*/
'use strict';
/**
* Initialization middleware, exposing the
* request and response to each other, as well
* as defaulting the X-Powered-By header field.
*
* @param {Function} app
* @return {Function}
* @api private
*/
exports.init = function(app){
return function expressInit(req, res, next){
if (app.enabled('x-powered-by')) res.setHeader('X-Powered-By', 'Express');
req.res = res;
res.req = req;
req.next = next;
req.__proto__ = app.request;
res.__proto__ = app.response;
res.locals = res.locals || Object.create(null);
next();
};
};
/*!
* express
* Copyright(c) 2009-2013 TJ Holowaychuk
* Copyright(c) 2013 Roman Shtylman
* Copyright(c) 2014-2015 Douglas Christopher Wilson
* MIT Licensed
*/
'use strict';
/**
* Module dependencies.
*/
var parseUrl = require('parseurl');
var qs = require('qs');
/**
* @param {Object} options
* @return {Function}
* @api public
*/
module.exports = function query(options) {
var opts = Object.create(options || null);
var queryparse = qs.parse;
if (typeof options === 'function') {
queryparse = options;
opts = undefined;
}
if (opts !== undefined && opts.allowPrototypes === undefined) {
// back-compat for qs module
opts.allowPrototypes = true;
}
return function query(req, res, next){
if (!req.query) {
var val = parseUrl(req).query;
req.query = queryparse(val, opts);
}
next();
};
};
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/*!
* express
* Copyright(c) 2009-2013 TJ Holowaychuk
* Copyright(c) 2013 Roman Shtylman
* Copyright(c) 2014-2015 Douglas Christopher Wilson
* MIT Licensed
*/
'use strict';
/**
* Module dependencies.
* @private
*/
var pathRegexp = require('path-to-regexp');
var debug = require('debug')('express:router:layer');
/**
* Module variables.
* @private
*/
var hasOwnProperty = Object.prototype.hasOwnProperty;
/**
* Module exports.
* @public
*/
module.exports = Layer;
function Layer(path, options, fn) {
if (!(this instanceof Layer)) {
return new Layer(path, options, fn);
}
debug('new %s', path);
var opts = options || {};
this.handle = fn;
this.name = fn.name || '<anonymous>';
this.params = undefined;
this.path = undefined;
this.regexp = pathRegexp(path, this.keys = [], opts);
if (path === '/' && opts.end === false) {
this.regexp.fast_slash = true;
}
}
/**
* Handle the error for the layer.
*
* @param {Error} error
* @param {Request} req
* @param {Response} res
* @param {function} next
* @api private
*/
Layer.prototype.handle_error = function handle_error(error, req, res, next) {
var fn = this.handle;
if (fn.length !== 4) {
// not a standard error handler
return next(error);
}
try {
fn(error, req, res, next);
} catch (err) {
next(err);
}
};
/**
* Handle the request for the layer.
*
* @param {Request} req
* @param {Response} res
* @param {function} next
* @api private
*/
Layer.prototype.handle_request = function handle(req, res, next) {
var fn = this.handle;
if (fn.length > 3) {
// not a standard request handler
return next();
}
try {
fn(req, res, next);
} catch (err) {
next(err);
}
};
/**
* Check if this route matches `path`, if so
* populate `.params`.
*
* @param {String} path
* @return {Boolean}
* @api private
*/
Layer.prototype.match = function match(path) {
if (path == null) {
// no path, nothing matches
this.params = undefined;
this.path = undefined;
return false;
}
if (this.regexp.fast_slash) {
// fast path non-ending match for / (everything matches)
this.params = {};
this.path = '';
return true;
}
var m = this.regexp.exec(path);
if (!m) {
this.params = undefined;
this.path = undefined;
return false;
}
// store values
this.params = {};
this.path = m[0];
var keys = this.keys;
var params = this.params;
for (var i = 1; i < m.length; i++) {
var key = keys[i - 1];
var prop = key.name;
var val = decode_param(m[i]);
if (val !== undefined || !(hasOwnProperty.call(params, prop))) {
params[prop] = val;
}
}
return true;
};
/**
* Decode param value.
*
* @param {string} val
* @return {string}
* @private
*/
function decode_param(val) {
if (typeof val !== 'string' || val.length === 0) {
return val;
}
try {
return decodeURIComponent(val);
} catch (err) {